Rosacea (row-zay-sha) is a chronic skin condition that affects mainly the face.
The first signs of rosacea may be redness or blushing that comes and goes initially. Over time, the redness may become persistent and more visible.The most common sites for symptoms are the cheeks, nose, chin, and forehead. Sometimes, rosacea may involve the eyes as well, and include symptoms such as blood-shot eyes that feel gritty. Over half of rosacea sufferers may experience eye symptoms.
Bumps, tiny pus-filled pimples, and enlarged blood vessels can also appear, giving skin a rough, uneven appearance. Rosacea symptoms can vary from one person to another, and there is no predicting severity. There is no known cure for rosacea, although it can be managed with appropriate treatment and lifestyle changes.
Rarely, rosacea symptoms can be severe enough that the skin tissue of the nose becomes thick, swollen, and bumpy (called rhinophyma). It is characterized by thick, red bumps around and on the nose, which develop when the oil-producing glands and the surrounding connective tissues becoming enlarged. This is a more severe form of rosacea that occurs mostly when it remains untreated. Rhinophyma develops in some men who have rosacea, and very rarely in women with rosacea.
The following sections offer detailed information for some common questions and different elements of rosacea.