Rosacea does not improve or resolve on its own, and untreated rosacea can worsen over time. Unlike acne, self-treating with over-the-counter products may not help and may even irritate skin more, causing more redness and bumps. Your family doctor or dermatologist can prescribe various forms of treatment and recommend which skin care products and cosmetics are appropriate.
Sticking with the treatment recommended by your doctor will improve symptoms within a few weeks.
This topical agent, which has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects, is considered a gold standard treatment for rosacea. It can be used long term and is available in a gel, cream and lotion formulation.
Rosacea is often treated with antibiotics, either in a topical formulation that is applied directly to affected skin or in a pill form you swallow. They work mainly by providing an anti-inflammatory effect. Oral antibiotics include tetracycline, minocycline, erythromycin, clindamycin, and others.
Rosacea may be treated with mild topical steroids that are either over-the-counter or prescription-strength. These can be used short-term to help to reduce skin redness and inflammation. They can make rosacea worse if used for longer periods.
This oral agent may be prescribed if rosacea is severe or if symptoms do not respond to antibiotics.
This topical agent may be prescribed for mild rosacea.
Sodium sulfacetamide and sulphur are typically used in combination to treat redness and inflammation.
Laser therapy treatment involves using a pulsed dye laser or intense pulsed light (IPL) to treat visible red blood vessels. Laser resurfacing, dermabrasion or cosmetic surgery may be used to reduce the tissue overgrowth associated with rhinophyma.
In addition to treating their rosacea symptoms, many patients feel better about their condition if they are able to cover the visible redness and bumps. Corrective camouflage is available to help conceal rosacea symptoms. This is a special kind of make-up with a green tint.
The key to caring for skin affected by rosacea is to treat it gently.
Choose products that are non-drying, free of alcohol or astringents.
Use a mild cleanser and do not rub or scrub skin.
Make a habit of using sunscreen (SPF 30 or higher) every day.
Moisturize your skin, especially during the colder months when the air is dry.
Do not try acne creams because may dry out and irritate your skin even more.
Excess alcohol consumption does not cause rosacea. Alcohol is a known trigger so it can worsen symptoms in individuals with rosacea.
It is a common misconception that high blood pressure produces facial flushing. Medications used to manage high blood pressure, however, can increase redness in rosacea sufferers.
Rosacea does not result from not washing enough. In fact, because rosacea skin tends to be dry and sensitive, overcleansing it can actually make symptoms worse.
Because of the redness that characterizes rosacea, people may assume that you have sunburned skin.